Research & Analysis

"All research findings should be meant for action."

CWI embraces anecdotal information and other ways of knowing particularly indicative of indigenous communities. Yet, we also recognize that hard data drives evidence and this is how we influence and inform practice and public policy that works for all. 

CWI conducts research using quantitative and qualitative methods, mixed-methods, and will be conducting studies using participatory action research (PAR) and photovoice in the near future. 

CWI recently completed a study exploring historical trauma or sometimes termed intergenerational trauma, with a focus on African Americans.*  We used a set of measurement tools that has been successful in showing historical loss and associated loss symptoms as massive group trauma within the Native American community, but not with other populations.  Our study is pivotal in that we used these same scales (Whitbeck et al. 2004) for the first time with respondents who identify as Black/African American.  

We note here that as community psychologists and allies, we are not attempting to highlight individual deficits or fix individuals.  Our goal is always to better understand human behavior from an ecological perspective and impacts on the health and well-being of communities.  Stay tuned, we are looking to publish the findings by the end of 2020. 

Email us at: for more information or to partner with us in other research and community engagement projects. 

*Research project funded in part by Adler University Online Seed Grant and Society for Community Research and Action (SCRA) CERA Mini-Grant


“No epidemic has ever been resolved by paying attention to the treatment of the affected individual.”     - George Albee

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Historical trauma is cumulative emotional and psychological wounding over the lifespan and across generations, emanating from massive group trauma (1985-88)

Historical unresolved grief accompanies that trauma

(Brave Heart, 1998, 1999, 2000)